张小虎教授课题组在ACS Chem. Neurosci.发表科研论文

Optimization of 6-Heterocyclic-2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-N-(pyridin-2-yl)pyrimidin-4-amine as Potent Adenosine A2A Receptor Antagonists for the Treatment of Parkinson's Disease.
Jiyue Zheng, Zhaohui Yang, Xuan Li, Linlang Li, Haikuo Ma, Meiyu Wang, Hongjian Zhang, Xuechu Zhen*, and Xiaohu Zhang*
ACS Chem. Neurosci., 2014, 5, 674-682 (IF=3.871)

Abstract: Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the motor symptoms of bradykinesia, tremor, and rigidity. Current therapies are based mainly on dopaminergic replacement strategies by administration of either dopamine agonists or dopamine precursor levodopa (L-Dopa). These treatments provide symptomatic relief without slowing or stopping the disease progression, and long-term usage of these drugs is associated with diminished efficacy, motor fluctuation, and dyskinisia. Unfortunately, there had been few novel treatments developed in the past decades. Among nondopaminergic strategies for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, antagonism of the adenosine A2A receptor has emerged to show great potential. Here we report the optimization of a new chemical scaffold, which achieved exceptional receptor binding affinity and ligand efficiency against adenosine A2A receptor. The leading compounds demonstrated excellent efficacy in the haloperidol induced catalepsy model for Parkinson’s disease.